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無花果的功效與作用及相關配伍

作者: 韋坂  2019-03-21 11:17 [查查吧]:www.taokecps.com

  無花果不僅可以鮮食,加工制干、制果脯、果醬、果汁、果茶、果酒、飲料、罐頭等,還可以藥用。下面給大家介紹下無花果的功效與作用及相關配伍,讓我們一起來看看吧!

  無花果的功效與作用

  無花果具有清熱生津,健脾開胃,解毒消腫之功效。主治咽喉腫痛,燥咳聲嘶,乳汁稀少,腸熱便秘,食欲不振,消化不良,泄瀉,痢疾,癰腫,癬疾。

  1、輕瀉作用

  無花果含豐富的營養成分,供食用。在便秘時,可用作食物性輕瀉劑。樹的乳膠汁中含有抑制大鼠移植性肉瘤之成分(注射時),無花果有一定的輕瀉作用。

  2、降壓作用

  從未成熟果實中所得的乳汁能抑制大鼠移植性肉瘤、小鼠自發性乳癌,致使腫瘤壞死。又能延緩移植性腺癌、骨髓性白血病、淋巴肉瘤之發展,使其退化。將聚花果水浸液,或以石油醚提取后再以乙醚處理的提取物靜脈注射,對麻醉兔和貓均有降壓作用。

  3、緩解哮喘

  除了感冒發燒引起的咽喉腫痛之外,還有一些人是因為過度勞累或者說話太多,出現聲音嘶啞甚至發不出來聲音的情況。這個時候吃無花果也是很有效果的,同樣建議你可以煮著吃,或者直接加入熱水泡水果茶。據說長期服用還可以有效的減輕哮喘。

  4、治療咽喉刺痛

  無花果對咽喉腫痛也有很好的效果,不過需要注意的是必須使用已經熟透的無花果才可以。你可以直接生吃,也可以像做冰糖雪梨那樣把無花果進行一下加工。方法就是把無花果去皮切碎,加入水和冰糖,小火燉二十分鐘就可以了。

無花果的功效與作用及相關配伍
無花果的功效與作用及相關配伍(圖片來源:攝圖網)

  5、治療痔瘡及通乳

  孕婦宜常吃適量的無花果。因為無花果不僅有豐富的營養成分,還能夠治療痔瘡及通乳。中國醫學在長期的臨床實踐中總結無花果的性質平和,味甘,能夠健胃,清腸,消腫解毒,可以用來治療腸炎,痢疾,便秘,痔瘡,喉痛及癰瘡疥癬等。

  6、抗艾氏肉瘤

  干果的水提取物經活性炭、丙酮處理后所得之物質有抗艾氏肉瘤的作用。

  7、防癌作用

  未成熟果實的乳漿中含有補骨脂素、佛柑內酯等活性成分,其成熟果實的果汁中可提取一種芳香物質苯甲醛,二者都具有防癌抗癌、增強機體抗病能力的作用,可以預防多種癌癥的發生,延緩移植性腺癌、淋巴肉瘤的發展,促使其退化,并對正常細胞不會產生毒害。

  無花果的相關配伍

  1、治咽痛,無花果7個,金銀花15g。水煎服。(《山東中草藥手冊》)

  2、治肺熱音嘶,無花果干果15g。水煎,調冰糖服。(《福建中草藥》)

  3、治干咳,久咳,無花果9g,葡萄干15g,甘草6g。水煎服。(《新疆中草藥手冊》)

  4、治缺乳,①無花果60g,樹地瓜根60g,金針花根120-180g,奶漿藤60g。燉豬前蹄服。②無花果120g,奶參120g,墨魚角30g。燉五花肉服。(《重慶草藥》)

  5、治大便秘結,鮮無花果適量,嚼食;或干果搗碎煎湯,加生蜂蜜適量,空腹時溫服。(《安徽中草藥》)

  6、治消化不良性腹瀉,炒無花果、炒山楂、炒雞內金各9g,厚樸4.5g。煎服。(《安徽中草藥》)

  7、治久瀉不止,無花果5-7枚。水煎服。(《湖南藥物志》)

  以上就是關于無花果的功效與作用及禁忌的詳細信息,希望您能夠喜歡。

  推薦閱讀:

  無花果的功效與作用及食用方法

  無花果可治療疾病 藥用價值

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