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杭州西湖十景圖片 西湖十景介紹

作者: 段吸  2019-03-05 17:01 [查查吧]:www.taokecps.com

  西湖十景是指哪十景?杭州景色一直都被人所推崇,尤其是西湖景色更是美不勝收,連俗話都說,上有天堂下有蘇杭。而熟知西湖景點的小伙伴都知道,去西湖不能錯過西湖十景,究竟是哪十景呢?下面為大家介紹的是:杭州西湖十景及圖片,一起來了解吧。

  杭州西湖十景形成于南宋時期,基本圍繞西湖分布,有的就位于湖上。西湖十景包括:蘇堤春曉、曲苑風荷、斷橋殘雪、平湖秋月、柳浪聞鶯、花港觀魚、雷峰夕照、雙峰插云、南屏晚鐘、三潭印月,西湖十景個擅其勝,組合在一起又能代表古代西湖勝景精華,所以無論杭州本地人還是外地游客都津津樂道,先游為快。

  杭州西湖十景之蘇堤春曉

  蘇堤南起南屏山麓,北到棲霞嶺下,全長近三公里,它是北宋大詩人蘇東坡任杭州知州時,疏浚西湖,利用挖出的葑泥構筑而成的。后人為了紀念蘇東坡治理西湖的功績將它命名為蘇堤。長堤臥波,連接了南山、北山,給西湖增添了一道嫵媚的風景線。南宋時,蘇堤春曉被列為西湖十景之首,元代又稱之為“六橋煙柳”而列入錢塘十景,足見它自古就深受人們喜愛。蘇堤望山橋南面的御碑亭里立有康熙題寫的“蘇堤春曉”碑刻。蘇堤兩旁遍植桃柳,四季景色各異,每逢陽春三月,柳樹成煙,掩映湖面,風趣橫生。有詩為證:樹煙花霧繞堤沙,樓閣朦朧一半遮。蘇堤由南而北有映波橋、鎖瀾橋、望山橋、壓堤橋、東浦橋和跨虹橋六座橋,杭州人將這六座橋俗稱為“六吊橋”,民間有“西湖景致六吊橋,一株楊柳一株桃”的歌謠。解放后六橋重新加固并拓寬,橋欄桿全部采用青田雕刻民族形式圖案,保持古橋原有風貌。

杭州西湖十景之蘇堤春曉(圖片來自:攝圖網)

  蘇堤旁遍種花木,有垂柳、碧桃、海棠、芙蓉、紫藤等四十多個品種。漫步在堤上,新柳如煙,春風駘蕩,好鳥和鳴,意境動人,故稱之為“蘇堤春曉”。寒冬一過,蘇堤猶如一位翩翩而來的報春使者,楊柳夾岸,艷桃灼灼,更有湖波如鏡,映照倩影,無限柔情。最動人心的,莫過于晨曦初露,月沉西山之時,輕風徐徐吹來,柳絲舒卷飄忽,置身堤上,勾魂銷魂。每當春風吹拂,蘇堤上楊柳吐翠,艷桃灼灼,長堤延伸,六橋起伏。晨曦初露時,湖波如鏡,橋影照水,鳥語啁啾,柳絲舒卷飄忽,桃花笑臉相迎。置身堤上,湖光勝景如畫圖般展開,多方神采,萬種風情,任人領略。

  沿堤建有六座單孔石拱橋,古樸美觀,分別是映波、鎖瀾、望山、壓堤、東浦、跨虹走在堤、橋上,湖山勝景如畫圖般展開,萬種風情,任人領略。橋頭所見,各領風騷:

  映波橋:與花港公園又相鄰,垂楊帶跨雨,煙波搖漾;

  鎖瀾橋:近看小瀛洲,遠望保俶塔,近實遠虛;

  望山橋:橋上西望,丁家山嵐翠可挹,雙峰插云巍然入目;

  壓堤橋:約居蘇堤南北的黃金分割位,舊時又是湖船東來西去的水道通行口,“蘇堤春曉”景碑亭就在橋南;

  東浦橋:有理由懷疑是“束浦橋的訛傳,這里是湖上觀日出佳點之一;

  跨虹橋:橋上看雨后長空彩虹飛架,湖山沐暉,如入仙境。

  杭州西湖十景之曲苑風荷

  曲苑風荷,在蘇堤之右,靠北山路,為西湖十景之一。

  現在的“曲苑風荷”,在過去叫“曲院風荷”位于西湖西,瀕岳湖、西里湖,與蘇堤遙遙相望。南宋時稱“曲(qū)院荷風”。“曲院”原是指一家釀制官酒作坊使用的酒曲,在今日的九里松東,洪春橋一帶。當時,金沙澗水在此流入西湖,酒工取金沙澗水制曲釀酒,并在湖中種植荷花。花開時節,清香四溢,景色令人陶醉。酒曲釀酒,是指經過蒸煮的白米中,移入曲霉的分生孢子,然后保溫,米粒上即茂盛地生長出菌絲,此即酒曲。大致在宋代,中國酒曲的種類和制造技術基本上定型,這里也是中國釀酒技術正式被國家所管理的處所。

  康熙年間,為迎皇帝巡游,特地在蘇堤跨虹畔的岳湖里引種荷花,增設水榭樓臺,彈奏秦漢古風。康熙看荷聽曲,提筆游龍,為此地書名立碑,改“曲(qū)院”為(曲(qǔ)院”,正“荷風”為“風荷”。一時之勝的曲院風荷園林,在咸豐末年,毀于兵火,官宦富豪隨之侵園建居。解放時期,曲院風荷僅剩一碑一亭半畝地,瀕湖荷花少許。

  它的演變可以這樣講:這里原是指南宋朝廷開設的釀酒作坊的“曲(qū)院”,元朝以后“曲(qū)院”廢棄,被后來逐步擴大“曲(qǔ/曲子)院”所替代,再后來又被逐步擴大“荷院”所代替,再叫院子未免太狹窄,不如叫水苑寬廣大氣。1980年起,從原有的“曲院風荷”,沿岳湖延伸到西山路臥龍橋畔的郭莊,擴建成更加富麗多彩的新景區,占地面積達四百二十六畝。分素園、風園、曲(qū)院、岳湖、密林、郭莊古園等六個景區。傍水建有古樸典雅的廊、軒、亭、閣,與綠云、荷香相映成趣。尤以三十八畝的荷田令人矚目,形成了今天的“曲苑風荷”局面。

  清代康熙皇帝御筆題書的“曲(qǔ)院風荷”,現今還保留著,是僅存的兩塊康熙提西湖十景原碑之一。

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